Female Sexual Dysfunction

About Female Sexual Dysfunction

About 30 to 50% of women have sexual problems at some time during their life. If the problems are severe enough to cause distress, they may be considered sexual dysfunction.  

Sexual dysfunction can be described and diagnosed in terms of specific problems, such as lack of interest or desire, difficulty becoming aroused or reaching orgasm, pain during sexual activity, involuntary tightening of the muscles around the vagina, or persistent and unwanted physical (genital) arousal.

Most people—men and women—engage in sexual activity for several reasons. For example, they may be attracted to a person or desire physical pleasure, affection, love, romance, or intimacy. However, women are more likely to have emotional motivations, such as:

  • To experience and enhance emotional intimacy
  • To increase their sense of well-being
  • To confirm their desirability
  • To please or placate a partner

Causes of sexual dysfunction:
A combination of physical and psychological factors can cause female sexual dysfunction. Both thee are interdependent and need to be addressed in the context of multidisciplinary team management.

Psychological factors:
Depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and low sexual self-image, lack of trust or negative feelings about their partner, cultural restrictions on sexual expression and distractions (family, career ambitions, finances) can affect sexual function and contribute to female sexual dysfunction.

Physical factors
Hormonal changes due to menopause, medications like SSRIs commonly used to treat depression, lack of oestrogen can cause sexual dysfunction. Recurrent pelvic pain due to endometriosis can contribute to vaginismus(involuntary contraction of the pelvic floor and can cause painful sexual intercourse through both these mechanisms).

At Lotus Medics, we understand that sexual function is an essential part of a couple’s life at all times in their life, and we believe in restoring normal female sexual function by addressing all the causative factors and working as part of a multidisciplinary team to improve female sexual health.